Richard Serra describes the various tools and conceptual strategies he has used throughout his career when working with lead and steel. Serra discusses his early focus on the nature of the art production process itself which resulted in his writing a “Verb List” (1967-68). Serra’s invention of a tool that twisted sheet metal around a wheel enabled him to shape steel in a new way – from the inside out. “Torqued Ellipses” (1996-97), which resulted from this process, were shown at Dia:Beacon in 2004.
Richard Serra’s work since the 1960s has focused on the industrial materials that he had worked with as a youth in West Coast steel mills and shipyards: steel and lead. Serra’s work is known for it’s immense physicality, compounded by the breathtaking bends and curves of steel plates that carve private moments out of public spaces.